FOREST RESEARCH

Silvicultural Research

     The Silviculture research plays a vital role in conservation of forest resources. Keeping in view on our vast stretch of forest cover, the Forest research wing with its headquarters at Angul was created during the year 1936 with a vision to explore various strategies and provide scientific support for decision making on matters related to forestry with particular emphasis on conservation, sustainable utilization and scientific management of our forest resources in the state. Subsequently the hedquarters was shifted to Bhubaneswar in the year 1993 and one more Silviculture division was created with headquarters at Rayagada during the year 2008 for imparting focus on conservation stratergy of Forest wealth in KBK districts which is having rich biodiversity.

     Earlier a lot of research studies was made on adaptability of different exotic species through field trial and progeny trial and in the long run it was found that though the exotics like various pinus species are yielding very good growth especially in Koraput and Kandhamal district, their naural regeneration are noticed to be very poor. Besides that it was further observed that introduction of exotics in our forest land hampers the regeneration of ground folra and indigenous species.

     In the present scenari, it s observed that though the forest cover is increasing, there is always a threat to ou indigenous growing stock. Thus it is the need of the hour to embelish the conservation strategy in the back drop of dwindling growing stock and to create employment opportunity and livelihood support for forest dwellers through scientific management by utilizing our exising NTFP resources.

     To beacon the aspiration of forest lovers and to provide improvised technique to the department, the research wing is having 19 Research Gardens and 4 Hi-Tech Nurseries in the state, where in different silviculture studies are being conducted under guidance of the experienced officers of the state and scientists.       

The following Silvicultural plots are existing in the State Silviculturist, Bhubaneswar and Silviculturist, Rayagada.

Sl.

No

Item

Number of Existing Plots

Total

Area in Hectare

Total

Bhubaneswar

Rayagada

Bhubaneswar

Rayagada

1

Research Garden

10

9

19

393.6

409.90

803.5

2

Preservation Plot

14

03

17

551.8

140.0

691.80

3

Sample Plots

18

14

32

4.63

10.99

15.61

4

Hi-Tech Nursery

3

1

4

383.0

142.50

5.26

5

Seeds Orchards

43

9

52

44.03

33.50

77.53

6

Seeds Production Area

11

12

23

66.63

177.06

243.69

7

Plus Tree

148

106

254

 

 

 

 

        In the plots we broadly focus on Tree Improvement Programme, Adaptive research and Silviculture study of indigenous species available in our Forests.

Tree Improvement Programme

Silvicultural Research and experiments in the State are carried out in pursuance to quinquennial programme approved by the Principal Chief Conservator of Forests, Odisha, and Bhubaneswar as per Rule 195 of OFD Code. These programmes are carried out by two Silviculture Divisions of the state namely State Silviculturist, Bhubaneswar and Silviculturist, Rayagada. The details of Research Activities are given below:-

Collection of Quality Seeds

Collection of quality seeds from the phenotypically superior trees of 20 important species from Seed Production Area and other forest areas are taken up every year in the following manner.

 

  1. Sample Plot : Sample plots are taken to scale up information from tree to stand to Forest which is the representative of the area to which results are applied. There are 32 (Thirtytwo) sample plots covering Shorea robusta, Terminalia tomentosa, Pinusinsularis, Pinuscaribue, Tectona grandis & Euaclyptus species etc. have been demarcated over the years.
  2. Preservation Plot:There are 17 (seventeen) number of Preservation Plots existing in the State, representing the main forest sub-types set up for systemic observation of silvicultural and ecological changes.
  3. Plus Trees:            Elite trees of important indigenous species have been identified and selected on the basis of exceptional rate of growth, form and resistance to adverse factors to obtain significant amount of genetic gain as quickly as possible. During the current year it is decided to identify mother trees of 50 indeginous species in each Diivision by engaging research fellows with an intention to supply quality seeds for the Divisions.
  4. Raising RT seedlings:    The large scale use of polypots for raising seedlings creates tremendous environmental hazards and inviting pollution in the vicinity of natural forests while carrying out massive plantation in the open forests. In order to minimize the pollution, we have introduced to raise seedlings in hyco-pots permanently made for the purpose which are reusable and produces better quality planting material in comparison to polypots because of stronger root system of the seedlings.

Adaptive Research

  1. NTFP Species:    A large number of NTFP species were tried in different stations under different agro-climatic zones over the years to introduce economically important species in the degraded forest areas. Species like Cinnamomum zeylanicum, Lemon grass (Cymbopogon), Piper nigrum, Coffea arabica have been grown in Odisha. The planting technique of these species has been standardized. The Hill broom and siali climber have been introduced in the Researrh Gardens and forest areas simultaneously in the last year to study their growth and output so that these are to be cultivated in a large scale by the tribal people to increase their livelihood support. In the current year, the roulfea serpentinas have been introduced towards raising of NTFP species.
  2. Intercropping of NTFP species in Bamboo Plantation : In the current year, we have made trial of planting of Rauwolfia and hill brooms as inter crop in bamboo plantation to study the qualitative and quantative production of Rauwolfia seeds and broom sticks by using FYM and organic manure and its commercial feasibility with market link so that it can be introduced in forests as well as in private lands for providing livelihood support to the forest dwellers.
  3. Trial of Canes : Planting technique for indigenous species of canes, have been tried at Pattanaikia research station. The species like calamus strictus, calamus, longisetus, calamus tenuis & calamusviminalis are found to be established well. A conservation plot over an area of 0.5 ha is proposed to be established at pattnaikia research garden by collecting various cane species from inside and outside the state.
  4. Hi-tech Nursery & Other Nurseries: There are 4 nos of Hi-tech Nurseries existing in the two divisions, 3 Nurseries in Silviculture Division, Bhubaneswar and the rest one in Silviculture Division, Rayagada. Besides, one upgraded Nursery has been established at khandagiri R.G of  Silviculture Division, Bhubaneswar which have been maintained for production of large-scale quality planting materials of indigenous species. the name of HTNs & UG nursery are as follows.

     Name of Hi-Tech Nurseries –                1.Tartua Hi-Tech Nursery

                                                      2. Bhasma Hi-tech Nursery

                                                      3. Ajodhya Hi-tech Nursery      

                                                      4. Jaring Hi-Tech Nursery

                                                      5. Khandagiri Upgraded Nursery

  5. Nakshyatra Vana :A Nakshyatra Vana has been developed at Khandagiri research station during 2010, where trees associated with 27 constellations of Nakshatras have been planted. A lawn has been maintained at the centre of the Nakshatra Vana area adding aesthetic value to it.
  6. Arboretum: There was an arboretum created during the year 1996 at Khandagiri RG with collection of 148 nos species and it was not maintained for last two decades. In current year the arboretum has been given new shape and brought to a presentable format by introducing 15 nos of new species for academic study of the forest scholars.
  7. Medicinal Garden: PThe medicinal garden created earlier has been renovated and stretches over 2.5 ha with 140 no of permanents beds and raising of 140 nos of medicinal species which meets the requirement of people of Bhubaneswar for supply of medicinal plants.

 

 Silvicultural Studies

                  Soil Analysis of urban plantation and its growth study :

            There is scientific study of soil profile of plantation raised by the forest department. In the current year the soil analysis has been made in different urban plantations raised by the Divisions throughout the state by collecting soil from different strata with a view to study the growth of forest species with the soil nutrients available in that area. So that a data base will be prepared for suitability of introduction of species in presence of different soil nutient status.

RET Plantation :

Production of Quality Planting Materials (QPM): Sufficient quantity of Quality Planting Materials (QPM) (Stumps) of Teak and other indigenous species are produced to meet the plantation requirement in different schemes every year in the State.

Workshop on Best Practices in Hi-tech Nurseries on Root Trainer Seedlings Technology: One workshop onBest Practices in Hi-tech Nurseries on Root Trainer Seedlings Technology” was conducted on 12.04.2017 at Conference Hall of State Silviculturist, Bhubaneswar. The Pr. C.C.F. & HOFF., Odisha was the chief guest of the workshop. The Divisional Forest Officers, ACFs, Forest Range Officers of different Divisions of the state participated in the workshop. Prasanta Kumar Pandit, IFS,Chief Conservator of Forests & Addl. Project Director (Implementation), WBFBCP attended for imparting training on the above matter in the workshop.

Expenditure on Forest Research

The programme named as Forest Research with the budget provision under the Programme Expenditure Scheme “Training Programme”envisages to support special research schemes on the following themes:

  1. Tree breeding / improvement activities of commercially important trees and important indigenous species including NTFPs,
  2. Standardisation of nursery & establishment techniques of medicinal plants and NTFP species.
  3. Sustainable harvest techniques for NTFPs and medicinal plants.
  4. Propagation of improved varieties of Bamboo and Canes.
  5. Application of bio-fertiliser.
  6. Development of agro-forestry models in different agro-climatic zones and

Vii) Development of seed production areas for major species.

Apart from that, during the current year, the budget provision of Rs.30.00 lakh has been made for Silviculture Researches on tree improvement, nursery & plantation techniques and plant ecological studies with up-gradation of research facilities as per the approved Quinquennial Research Programme.

 

TRAINING AND RECRUITMENT

Training programme

The Forest staff need to be both technically trained and extension oriented. The training of the initial recruits as well as orientation training for in-service personnel is extremely important. Updating knowledge on new emerging topics of different aspects of forestry, forest management and forest research is essential to augment the efficiency & skill of forestry personnel.

The training institutes need to be strengthened by providing modern training equipment, better amenities like boarding & lodging facility for the trainees, facility for sports & other curricular activities etc. for conducting trainings of State Forest Department personnel and other department trainings. During the year 2017-18, an outlay of Rs.30.00 lakh has been allocated for implementation of the above.

Training at inside and outside the State

Training the officers is an important activity taken up by the Forest Department. Every year large number of officers ranging from IFS Officers, State Forest Service Cadre Officers such as Divisional Forest Officers, Assistant Conservator of Forests, Forest Range Officers, Foresters and Forest Guards undertake various trainings organized at both inside and outside the State. Forest officers of various ranks, trained under different components during the Calendar year, 2017 are furnished below.

Sl. No.

Category of trainings

Officers Trained (In service Training)

I.F.S.

(All ranks)

OFS (SB)

ACFs

F.R.O./

Dy.R.O.

Forester

Forest

Guard

1.

Oneweek CompulsoryTraining of IFS Officers

46

-

-

-

-

-

2.

Two days Training -cum- workshop of IFS Officers

24

-

-

-

-

-

3.

Mid-Career Training of IFS Officers

04

-

-

-

-

-

4.

Senior Foresters Workshop

25

-

-

-

-

-

5.

Joint Training Programmefor IAS/IPS/IFS Officers

     06

-

-

-

-

-

6.

Miscellaneous trainingoutside the State for IFS/ OFS/FR rank Officers

    07

-

-

-

-

-

7.

Miscellaneous trainingwithin the State for IFS/ OFS/FR rank Officers

-

-

02

01

-

-

8.

Foresters Nominated

-

-

-

-

08

-

9.

Forest Guards Nominated

-

-

-

-

-

17

Total

112

0

02

01

08

17

Training of Frontline Staff

The training of frontline staff/ State level Executive officers are being under taken by the Forest Department under the supervision of Chief Conservator of Forests, Training and Development, Cuttack. The training imparted is of technical nature and as per the theme prescribed by Director of Forest Education, Dehradun.At present four training institutions are functioning at different corners of the State as detailed below.

  1. Odisha Forest Rangers College, Anguloccupying a total area of 37.79 acre was established in 1979 at Angul. Like every year, in the current year the following training courses have been conducted in the college.
  1. Induction Training has been given to Forest Guards and Foresters
  2. Refresher Course like (a) One week Refresher course for Front line staff under State Plan (HRD), (b) One week Basic Computer Training for Front line staff/ Ministerial staff under State Plan (HRD) and (c) Two week Refresher course for Front line staff/ Range Officers & ACFs sponsored by Director Forest Education, Dehradoon have been organized successfully.
  1. Nicholson Forester Training School, Champua, was established in 1927 at champua Town of Keonjhar District occupying a total area of 7.76 acres. Training Courses conducted here during the current year are as follows.
  1. Induction Training has been given to 40 Forest Guards for duration of 6 months.
  2. A two-week Refresher course for Front line staff/ Range Officers & ACFs sponsored by Director Forest Education, Dehradoon has also been organized successfully.
  1. Forester Training School, G.Udayagiri was established in 1980at G.Udaygiri town of Kandhamal District occupying 11.5 acres of land. The following Training Courses have been conducted here.
  1. Induction Training has been given to 40 Forest Guards for a duration of 6 months.
  2. Refresher Course which includes two weeks Refresher course for Front line staff/ Range Officers & ACFs sponsored by Director Forest Education, Dehradoon has also been successfully conducted.

 

  1. Forester Training School, Bhubaneswar was established in1987 at Ghatikia, Bhubaneswar town of Khurda District occupying a total area of 8.0 acres. Training Courses conducted here during the current year are as follows.
  1. Induction Training has been given to 40 Foresters for duration of one year.
  2. Two week refresher course for Front line staff/ Range Officers & ACFs sponsored by Director Forest Education, Dehradoon has been conducted successfully.

Detail Picture of Training programmes conducted at these four Institutions during 2017-18

 

Name of the Training Programme

Forester

Forest Guards

Front Line & Ministerial staff

Induction Training

123

242

 

Refresher Courses sponsored by Director Forest Education, Dehradoon

 

 

61

Refresher Course sponsored by PCCF, Odisha under HRD Scheme

 

 

125

 

Recruitment

 

The vacancies in the various cadres are being filled-up either through direct recruitment or through promotion as prescribed in the Rule. Regarding filling up of vacancies under direct recruitment posts of Assistant Conservator of Forests and Forest Rangers, 48 candidates have been selected for the post of Assistant Conservator of Forests (ACF) and 111 candidates for the post of Forest Ranger through Orissa Public Service Commission (OPSC). These 159 ACFs and Forest Rangers have been nominated to undergo Induction Training in a recognized Training Institute as per the allotment by the Director, Forest Education, Ministry of Environment, Forests& Climate Change, Government of India, Dehradun. The posts coming under promotional quota of ACFs, Forest Rangers and Deputy Rangers are being filled-up regularly as per promotional procedure prescribed through Departmental Promotional Committee (DPC).

 

Besides, necessary action has been initiated to fill up 806 number of Forest Guard posts under direct recruitment quota.

In respect of filling up of vacancies of Ministerial Staffs, decision has been taken to fill up 16 Junior Assistants in the Common Cadre of Forest Heads of Department, 9 Junior Clerks in the Circle Cadre & 150 Junior Clerks in the Division Cadre and the same will be filled up very soon through the concerned recruiting authorities.