The Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS) has been developed to reduce rural poverty through 100 days of guaranteed employment for each family per year. Using focus group methods, this scheme has been explored to provide rights' based social protection through guaranteed employment for Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and women in our State. The main objectives of this scheme are: (1) social protection (2) the creation of durable assets such as water security, afforestation activities, soil moisture conservation measures, land productivity etc. through the manual labourers. The components of this scheme implemented during 2021-22 are:.
Plantations under MGNREGS
During 2021-22, an area over 2186.25 hectare of AR Plantations, 22,855 hectare of ANR with Gap Plantations and 4557 RKM of Avenue Plantations have been achieved under MGNREGS by planting 92.08 lakh seedlings of different species. There is a proposal for taking up of 5000 hectare AR, 35000 hectare ANR with gap Plantation and 5000 RKM of Avenue plantation during the year 2022-23.
Avenue Plantation over 4557 RKM has been achieved by planting of 11.39 lakh seedlings.
Maintenance of Permanent Nurseries
This scheme is introduced to ensure availability of quality planting materials (QPM) so as to supplement QPM requirement of the department, promote and increase tree cover outside forests and to create year-round employment opportunity for the local people. During 2022-23, 5 crore seedlings are proposed to be raised and maintained as buffer stock zone of plantation activities out of which 2.17 crore has been achieved.
Over 169.36 lakh seedlings have already been distributed to the beneficiaries at a cost of Rs.1/- per seedling. However, the seedlings have been distributed to Government Schools / Educational Institutions and other Public Organizations with free of cost. This has been implemented as per Govt of Odisha, Forest & Environment Department Letter No.1356 dated, and 18th January, 2017. For the year 2022-23, there is a proposal of raising and distribution of 3.00 crore seedlings.
Increasing Tree cover outside Forest Areas (Distribution of Seedlings)
A total of 34.13 lakh of different species has been distributed at a cost of Rs.1/- per seedlings to the beneficiaries and with free of cost to Government Schools / Educational Institutions and other Public Organizations as per Govt of Odisha, F&E Department Letter No.1356 dated, 18th January, 2017.
Year wise Afforestation Programme under MGNREGS
The year wise afforestation programme taken up and the amount utilized under MGNREGS up to 2021-22 (up to 28.02.2022) is given below.
|Year||Area afforested (in ha)||Avenue Plantation taken up (in RKM)||Water bodies created (in no.)||Amount utilized (Rs. in lakh)|
|2021-22 (up to 28.02.2022)||25041||4557||0||29137.43|