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Forest Protection

Forest Protection & Management :

           The forest protection units in the field comprise of 50 Divisions (37 Territorial Divisions + 13 Wildlife Divisions), 282 Ranges (230 Territorial Ranges + 52 Wildlife Ranges), 1016 Sections (825 Territorial Sections + 185 Wildlife Sections) and 3665 Beats (3069 Territorial Beats + 596 Wildlife Beats). The following steps have been taken for protection of forest / wildlife in the State.

  • The mandate of the Forest Department is to protect forests and wildlife, ensure scientific management and enrich forest resource with active cooperation of the local communities.
  • Each Division, Range, Section and Beat is manned by Deputy Conservator of Forests, Forest Ranger, Forester and Forest Guard respectively.
  • There are 19 APR units deployed in 19 vulnerable Forest Divisions to assist forest staff in protection activities. These Divisions are Keonjhar, Angul, Athgarh, Baripada, Dhenkanal, Sambalpur, Rairakhol, Sundargarh, Puri, Nayagarh, Ghumsar (South), Ghumsar (North), Parlakhemundi, Boudh, Rayagada, Kalahandi, Jeypore, Khariar and Bolangir.
  • In toto 199 Forest Check Gates have been set up for checking of vehicles and prevention of smuggling of forest produce on transit.
  • 91 Forest Protection Squads, 65 Para Forest Staff Unit and 216 Fire Protection Squads have been constituted under different Schemes involving 910 nos., 1950 nos. and 2160 nos. of local youths respectively for forest protection activities in different Forest Divisions of the State.
  • 12,666 Vana Surakshya Samities (VSS) have been formed and assigned with a total forest area of 11,874.37 Sq. Km for protection.
  • 534 Eco-Development Committees have been formed in protected area to protect forest and wildlife.
  • 590 nos. of VHF stations and 880 nos. of walky-Talky are in operation in the State for strengthening communication network to be used for monitoring protection activities.
  • 5866.50 Kms of forest road have been maintained, 567 culverts, 1224 causeways have been constructed to facilitate mobility for forest/ wildlife protection.
  • 1121 nos. of Beat Houses, 291 nos. of Forester’s Quarters,78 nos Range Office cum Residences, 97 nos. of Forest barracks 171 nos of Seizure Yard, and 51 nos. of Malkhanas have been constructed out of CAMPA funds.
  • So far, 91 nos. of vehicles (four wheelers) and 261 nos. of motorcycles have been purchased out of CAMPA funds for exclusive use in forest protection in vulnerable areas.
  • The Orissa Forest Act, 1972 has been amended as “The Orissa Forest (Amendment) Act, 2010”, where in the compounding fee has been enhanced from Rs.100/- to Rs.5,000/-.
  • Rewards are being given to informers, staff, Public etc as per “Reward for detection of Forest Offence Rules, 2004” to encourage them to cooperate in forest protection activities.
  • 25 numbers of Forest Guards and 4 numbers of Foresters have been recruited to assist two platoons Odisha Special Striking Force for protection of Berbera and Dhuanali forests.

Intensive Protection of Criticality Endangered Areas:

The objective of this scheme is to strengthen the protection measures against organized timber smugglers and illicit removal of firewood and poles. Critically vulnerable belts of forest have been identified, one belt in each of 37 selected forest divisions where forest protection measures have been tightened. A special squad of 10 local youths {engaged on daily wages) under a Forester / Deputy Ranger has been deployed at selected locations within the vulnerable forest belt of the concerned Divisions.

 The details of offence cases detected with timber and vehicles seized is given below:

Year

Offences Detected

Offenders involved (nos.)

Timber seized

Vehicles Seized (Nos.)

Quantity (in Cum)

Value (Rs. In lakhs)

2010-11

62777

53153

2352

219

1591

2011-12

64942

56253

2038

243

961

2012-13

60072

53281

2537

267

2538

2013-14

60299

49404

2680

759

1386

2014-15

59920

54280

4030

274

1726

2015-16

66225

56978

1881

273

747

Benifits received by VSSs for protection and conservation of forests :

 

  1. Benifits received from Timber coupes: The amount paid is value of 50% of timber in the coupe protected by VSS.
YEAR No of Divisions No of VSSs

Amount paid

(in Rs.)

2010-11 2 7 6,94,237
2011-12 3 5 22,32,623
2012-13 5 11 10,23,113
2013-14 3 8 36,25,417
2014-15 6 11 29,24,012 
2015-16 6 11 8,09,853.25 
Total 25 53 113,09,255.25

2.Benifits received from Bamboo coupes: The amount paid is value of 100% of Bamboo in the coupe protected by VSS.

YEAR NO OF DIVISION NO OF VSS AMOUNT PAID IN Rs.
2010-11 1 3 1,90,053
2013-14 1 1 23,050
2014-15 1 1 43,916
2015-16 1 - -
TOTAL 4 5 2,57,019