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Afforestation

Year wise Afforestation activities taken up under different schemes from 2010-11 to 2017-18 in the State are given below.

Year AR in ha ANR with Gap Pltn in ha ANR without Gap Pltn in ha Total in ha Avenue Pltn in RKM Seedlings plnted in lakh Seedlings distributed in lakh
2010-11 70842 60084 102519 233445 241 1086.10 128.34
2011-12 22950 10291 148946 182187 769 358.92 195.92
2012-13 18603 20230 68454 107287 3107 321.66 211.92
2013-14 24966 38023 40296 103285 4506 467.53 304.14
2014-15 24600 60253 114038 198891 4755 692.17 550.00
2015-16 16576 98540 241975 357091 4607 487.98 460.96
2016-17 15322 127973 258121 401416 5838 497.75 376.57
2017-18* 5523.17 20366.94 208524.96 234415.07 3234.50 159.57 145.14
TOTAL 199382.17 435760.94 1182873.96 1818017.07 27057.50 4071.68 2372.99

 

Increasing Green Cover in the State

The scheme was introduced in 2013-14 by subsuming 11 continuing plan schemes. A provision of Rs.4453.09 lakh has been made for the year 2017-18 for undertaking different afforestation activities. The components implemented under this scheme during 2017-18 are: Urban Plantation, Plantation of Medicinal Plant at Patrapada,  All other major components of “IGC” i.e. Economic Plantation, Odisha Bamboo Development Programme, Bald Hill Plantation, Avenue Plantation, Agro-Forestry, Permanent Nursery,  Plantation Programme within working plan areas as well as outside working plan areas, Increasing Tree Cover outside forest areas etc. have been converged under MGNREGS during 2017-18.

Urban Plantation

This scheme was introduced during the year 2007-2008 with an aim to create green pool in crowded urban areas. Initially the tall sapling plantation was taken up in and around Bhubaneswar City areas through OFDC Ltd, City Forest and Chandaka WL Division. From the year 2011-12 onwards almost all Urban Local Bodies through out the State were covered

Rs.1793.42 lakh have been provided to implement this component under the programme expenditure scheme “IGC” during 2017-18 for taking up 2nd year maintenance of 11.50 lakh saplings and 3rd year maintenance of 12.02 lakh saplings and distribution of 6.5655 lakh saplings.

Plantation of Medicinal Plant at Patrapada

Development of a medicinal plants knowledge centre at Patrapada has been initiated during 2008-09 to enhance the knowledge about medicinal plant species. So far, 314 species have been planted in 314 specified plots separately bounded by contour bunds to create zero run-off. A demonstration area has been developed where all 314 plants species are displayed at a landscaped site.A sum of Rs.150.00 lakh have been provided for development and maintenance of rare medicinal species and bamboo Setum in the centre during 2017-18.

SubsidiarySilvicultural Operation (SSO) of Timber Coupes

This new scheme was introduced during 2016-17. This scheme has been implemented in view of Adhoc CAMPA decision of the National CAMPA Advisory Council (NCAC) vide their Letter No.13-20/2015-CAMPA dated, 29th January, 2015 that “Normal forest activity in a State should be undertaken from the State’s own plan fund and there should be no attempt to shift the obligation in respect of such item of works to the CAMPA. The CAMPA funds must be treated as additionality”.

In order to improve the area covered under Selection / Selection-cum-improvement Working Circle for better regeneration and higher growth rate of the existing stock, Subsidiary Silvicultural Operations are carried out in the following manner.

  1. All marked trees left standing by the Orissa Forest Development Corporation  Ltd/lessee are felled and removed from the annual coupe.
  2. All the trees damaged in the main felling and which do not have any scope for survival are felled and removed.
  3. All live high stumps are cut flush to the ground.
  4. All climbers left during marking are cut back.
  5. All fallen pieces of branches, lops and tops, small wood left during the main felling which may cause fire hazard are removed.
  6. Soil and moisture conservation measures such as gully plugging, contour bunding, dry stone packing, construction of check dams, etc. are carried out.
  7. The fire line is created around the coupe.

During the year 2017-18, there is a budget provision of Rs. 2427.57  lakhto take up SSO timber coupe work over 1,13,703.50 ha and the work is under progress in the field.

Ekamra Van at Bindusagar

Ekamravan with a garden of medicinal plants at Bindusagar has been developed under the Ekamra Garden Society since 2009-10. The objective for establishing this garden is not only to set up a site of tranquillity and harmony in an ambience of religious atmosphere but to create awareness on traditional herbal medicines among urbanites. It is an example of quality work by local stone carvers and stone masons drawing inspiration from the ancient structures.

A total budget provision of Rs.50.00 lakh has been made for maintenance and further improvement of Ekamravan at Bindusagar in Bhubaneswar during the year 2017-18.

Monitoring & Evaluation

During 2017-18, an outlay of Rs.30.09 lakh has been kept to be utilized towards monitoring & evaluation of plantations departmentally and by 3rd party evaluation under the programme expenditure scheme “IGC”.

Contingency

An outlay of Rs.2.00 lakh has been provided for the year 2017-18 for contingency expenditure under the IGC Scheme.

Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS)

The Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS) has been developed to reduce rural poverty through 100 days of guaranteed employment for each family per year. Using focus group methods, this scheme has been explored to provide rights’ based social protection through guaranteed employment for Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and women in our State. The main objectives of this scheme are (1) social protection (2) the creation of durable assets such as water security, afforestation activities, soil moisture conservation measures, land productivity etc. through the manual labourers.

Afforestation Programme under MGNREGS (Pure)

During 2017-18, an area over 431 hectare of AR Plantations, 12,919 hectare of ANR with Gap Plantations, 980 ha of ANR without Gap Plantations (Silvicultural Operation) and 2,477 RKM of Avenue Plantations have been carried out under this scheme by planting 45.27 lakh of different species. For the year 20 18-19, there is a proposal over 3,000 hectare of AR Plantations, 25,000 hectre of ANR with Gap Plantations and 4,000 RKM of Avenue Plantations to be taken up under MGNREGS. Since implementation of the scheme in forestry sector, a total area of 3,51,188 hectare has been Covered under afforestation programme. Besides, avenue plantation over 21,433 RKM and creation of 342 water bodies have also been taken up.

The year wise afforestation programme taken up and the amount utilized under MGNREGS up to 2017-18((up to 30.11.2017) is given below.

Year

Area afforested     

 

(in ha)

Avenue Plantation taken up

(in RKM)

Water bodies  created

(in no.)

Amount utilized

 

(Rs. in lakh)

2006-07

779

0

146

264.00

2007-08

2590

51

0

492.00

2008-09

233

14

0

842.00

2009-10

11219

112

0

1106.41

2010-11

9543

241

24

1849.69

2011-12

14021

746

26

2648.45

2012-13

15307

2477

32

3954.36

2013-14

38115

3506

6

8703.55

2014-15

198891

4755

108

30904.02

2015-16

28354

3340

0

9113.18

  2016-17

17806

             3714

               0

8213.62

2017-18

14330

2477

0

7245.25

G. Total

351188

21433

342

75336.53

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Convergence of State Plan Schemes under MGNREGS

During the year 2017-18 with a total budget provision of Rs.244.76 lakh, all the state plan afforestation components /schemes of “IGC” have been taken up under MGNREGS including it’s own afforestation activities.

The components of this scheme implemented during 2017-18 are:

Economic Plantation

The condition of growing stock in the forests of the State is being consistently improved through this scheme by raising plantations of economically important species such as Teak, Rosewood, Sisso, Mahogany, Bijasal, Acacia mangium, Gambhar, Kasi, Tentra etc. in the suitable pockets of designated and notified forest areas. Casuarinas’ plantations are also raised along the coastal belt to ensure higher production of biomass. During 2017-18, an area over 659 ha of AR plantations has been taken up by planting 11.71 lakh of above said species under MGNREGS. Further, there is a proposal of 2300 ha of AR plantations including 2150 ha Teak Plantations and 150 ha Casuarina plantations to be taken up during 2018-19.

Odisha Bamboo Development Programme

                Bamboo is one of the most productive and fastest growing plants. It has high rate of biomass production and carbon sequestration potential. The carbon captured by bamboo is sequestered effectively for a long time as durable bamboo products, such as boards, panels, floors, furniture, buildings, cloth, paper, activated charcoal, etc. Bamboos have more than 1500 documented applications.

During the year 2017-18, an area of 450 ha has been planted with 1.80 lakh bamboo species under MGNREGS. For the year 2018-19, there is a proposal of 1,000 ha of bamboo plantations to be carried out under MGNREGS.

Bald Hill Plantation

The State of Odisha is having scrub forests of 4,734 square kilometre, many of them are bald hills. Hence, the soil and moisture conservation measures and plantations are taken up after filling the pits with foreign soil.

The scheme was started during 2009-10 by adopting special plantation techniques for restoration of green cover of bald hills in the districts of Cuttack, Jajpur, Ganjam, Koraput, Kalahandi, Khordha and Sundergarh, Mayurbhanj, Nuapada, Subarnapur, Bolangir, Rayagada, Parlakhemundi and Nayagarh.

During 2017-18, plantation over 385 hectare bald hills has been achieved and there is a proposal of 1,000 ha for the year 2018-19.

Avenue plantation

The scheme is being implemented in the state to create a green belt along both sides of the State’s National Highways, State Highways, District & Panchayat roads and urban roads for providing environmental services, shelters during summer and rains, reducing vehicular pollution, etc.

During 2017-18, the scheme has been converged under MGNREGS and 397 RKM of Avenue Plantation has been taken up by planting 99,250 seedlings. There is a proposal of 1,000 RKM of Avenue Plantation during 2018-19 under the convergence mode of MGNREGS.

Maintenance of Permanent Nurseries

This scheme was introduced during 2012-13 for ensuring availability of quality planting material (QPM) so as to supplement QPM requirement of department, to promote & increase tree cover outside forests and to create year round employment opportunity for the local people.  During 2017-18, raising and maintenance of 1.00crore seedlings have been undertaken in 320 permanent nurseries of the State.  There is a proposal for raising operation of 1.00 crore seedlings for the year 2018-19 under MGNREGS.

Agro Forestry

The scheme was introduced in the year 2013-14 with an aim to increase tree cover outside forests i.e. in agricultural land of the people. Saplings are supplied to the people as per their requirementwith levying Rs.1/- per sapling for planting.During 2017-18, over 82.42 lakh seedlings have already been distributed to the beneficiaries at a cost of Rs.1/- per seedling. However, the seedlings have been distributed to Government Schools / Educational Institutions and other Public Organizations with free of cost. This has been implemented as per Govt of Odisha, F&E Department Letter No.1356 dated, 18thJanuary, 2017. For the year 2018-19, there is a proposal of raising 2.50 crore seedlings for distribution as per above Government order.

Management of plantations & Forests

Inside Working Plan Areas

Due to closer of 13th Finance Commission Grant, the scheme Management of Plantations & Forests inside working plan areas were taken up both under IGC & MGNREGS during 2016-17. The Pre-planting operations with raising of nurseries was taken up under State Plan “IGC” and 1st year operation (creation) was carried out under MGNREGS during 2016-17. During 2017-18 the scheme has been converged under MGNREGS and AR Plantations over an area of 419 hectare by planting 6.71 lakh saplings have been achieved. A proposal of 1450 ha of AR plantations has been prepared to be taken upunder MGNREGS during 2018-19.

 

Outside Working Plan Areas

Similarly, the plantation programme outside working plan areas was taken up both under CAMPA Interest Fund & MGNREGS during 2016-17. The pre-planting operations with raising of nurseries were taken up under “CAMPA Interest Fund” and 1st year operation (creation) was carried out under MGNREGS during 2016-17. During 2017-18, the scheme has been converged under MGNREGS and   AR plantations over an area of 370 hectare by planting 5.92 lakh saplings have been achieved. For the year 2018-19, there is a proposal of 950 hectare of AR plantations under MGNREGS.

Increasing Tree cover outside Forest Areas (Distribution of Seedlings)

During 2017-18, 39.81 lakhsof different species have been distributed at a cost of Rs.1/- per sapling to the beneficiaries. However, the seedlings with a free of cost have been provided to Government Schools / Educational Institutions and other Public Organizations. This has been implemented as per Govt of Odisha, F&E Department Letter No.1356 dated, 18th January, 2017. For the year 2018-19, there is a proposal of raising 1.00 crore seedlings for distribution under this scheme as per above Government order.

Plantation of Forestry Species in Private Land

Under this scheme, following stipulations / conditions have been made.

  1. The households identified for plantation should have job cards
  2. The households should come under para-5 of the schedule-I of the Act
  3. The consent of the house holds should be taken for plantation of forest species
  4. The plantation of forst species in individual land will be executed by the field staff of F&E Department s per MGNREGS guidelines.
  5. The Department will ensure that the forest species are planted in the land of concerned households.

 

During the year 2017-18, an area over 204 ha of plantations has been taken up under MGNREGS and there is a proposal of 5,000 ha of plantations for the year 2018-19 under MGNREGS for implementation of this scheme.

 

Soil Moisture Conservation Measures

Further, another scheme under MGNREGS named as “Soil Moisture Conservation Measures” with an outlay of Rs.100.00 crore has also been implemented during 2017-18 in all Forest & Wildlife Divisions of the State. The SMC work which includes Drainage Line Treatment, Treatment of Forest Streams etc within the forest areas to control surface runoff, soil erosion, water conservation and enhance the water table in & around forest areas. Construction of water bodies in the forest  is being taken up not only for benefit of wildlife. This will help in having luxuriant growth of wildlife habitats, plants in the forest as well as improving water regime in the adjoining agricultural land and ultimately developing the agricultural economy and economic status of forest fringe dwellers.

Plantation through Odisha Mining Corporation Ltd. (OMC)  under Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR)

As per MoU signed between M/s. Odisha Mining Corporation Ltd represented through Managing Director and State Forest Department represented through Principal Chief Conservator of Forests, Odisha executed on 5th June, 2015, it was decided to undertake plantation of 10 lakh seedlings every year along with its maintenance under Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) scheme in the mining affected districts of the State.  The districts covered under this scheme are Keonjhar, Sundargarh, Angul, Jajpur, Kalahandi, Koraput, Rayagada and Cuttack. During 2017-18, an area over 625 ha of AR Plantations by planting 10 lakh seedlings have been achieved and there is also a target of 625 ha AR Plantations for the year 2018-19. Besides, 40,900 seedlings planted in urban / peri-urban areas of mining affected districts of the State during 2017-18. Further, there is a proposal of 1 lakh saplings for planting of UTP in these mining affected districts for the year 2018-19.

Plantation Programme under Odisha Environment Management Fund (OEMF)

          Jagannath Bana Prakalpa (JBP) scheme was started in the year 2000-01 to plant tree species like Phasi, Asan, Dhaura, Simul, Gambhari, Devadaru, Mahalimba, Kadamba, Sal for augmenting the supply of timber required for construction of Holy-Chariots for the RathaYatra of Lord Jagannath at Puri. During Phase-I of this scheme (2000-01 - 2007-08), plantations have been raised over 2326.34 hectare areas in Dhenkanal, Angul, Athagarh, Athamallik, Satkosia WL, Boudh, Nayagarh, Khordha, cuttack, Puri WL and City Forest divisions.

  1. The JBP, Phase-IIwas launched during 2014-15 as preparedness for plantation programme for the year 2015-16. An area over 510 hectare of AR Plantations and 505 hectare of ANR with Gap Plantations has been achieved during 2015-16. Similarly, 165.5 hectare of AR plantations and 525 hctare of ANR with Gap Plantations have also been achieved during 2016-17. The above plantation activities have been funded under Odisha Environment Management Fund (OEMF). Since no funds have been received during 2017-18 for new plantations, only maintenance of above plantations is being carried out of OEMF fund.During 2017-18, an area over 30 ha of AR Plantations has been raised for JBP plantation under MGNREGS.
  2.  
  3. During 2017-18, 2,16,550 number of seedlings have been planted in urban / peri-urban areas of the State covering mines and industries affected areas.

 

Plantation under District Mineral Fund (DMF)

 

During 2017-18, urban tree plantation over 2.73 lakh seedlings has been planted in the mineral bearing affected districts of the State. The districts covered under this scheme are Sundargarh, Angul, Jajpur, Koraput and Jharsuguda. The DFO concerned of the mineral districts have also been requested to take up massive plantations during 2018-19 under DMF scheme.

 

Plantation under Mahanadi Coalfields (MCL)  Funding

 

During 2017-18, 1.77 lakh seedlings have been planted in various urban & peri-urban areas through MCL funding. There has been a proposal for planting of 2.50 lakh saplings during 2018-19 under MCL funding also.

 

Conservation, Strengthening & Development of Tribal Sacred Groves

 

This scheme was introduced in the year 2013-14. The Sacred groves are surviving fragments of natural climax vegetation in Odisha comprising of many rare and important flora which are preserved traditionally by local people. The activities undertaken under this scheme are: documentation of the sacred groves, providing signage’s, taking up plantations of indigenous species as per the requirement of the community based on the availability of land adjoining the sacred groves, protection of the deity against desecration and provision of permanent water sources. So far, 2,161 number of Tribal Sacred Groves have been identified in the State during the 1st phase. Out of which, 1,370 number of tribal sacred groves have been taken up. The remaining 791 number of tribal sacred groves are being taken up during 2017-18 under CAMPA APO 2016-17.

Green Mahanadi Mission (GMM)

Mahanadi is lifeline of Odisha & in order to enhance water availability and to improve livelihood, the river Mahanadi needs to be protected and conserved for ensuring its perennial flow for benefit of the people of the state. The State Government have been pleased to decide & launch “Green Mahanadi Mission” through massive participation of peoples’ representatives and all stake holders.

 

Under the mission, a Green Belt is to be created in 1 km width on both sides of the river Mahanadi, Tel & IB on all available and suitable Forest Land, Revenue Forest Land, DLC Area and Private Land. Plantations (Both Forestry species & Horticulture species) are to be taken up during 2018-19 with funding under MGNREGS and other sources. There are 1303 villages along 1-1km on both sides of Mahanadi. Under this scheme, following activities will be taken up during 2018-19.

  1. Artificial Regeneration/Block Plantation : 6000 hectare
  2. Aided Natural Regeneration with gap plantation :10000 hectare
  3. Bamboo Plantation : 500 hectare
  4. Avenue Plantation : 500 RKM
  5. Farm/Agro Forestry : 63 lakh seedlings for distribution

 

The seedlings raised under Farm Forestry shall be distributed among the job card holders only.The Panchayat Raj & Drinking Water Department of Government of Odisha has been pleased to approve the Green Mahanadi Mission Proposal for execution during 2017-18 & 2018-19 with a total out lay Rs.5056.06 lakh for two years.Preparatory work of the mission like identification  of villages, selection of plantation sites, nursery  sites, identification of Mahanadi Sevaks, mass motivation has already been started in 20 Forest Divisions.

State Forest Development Agency (SFDA)

As per the Revised Operational Guidelines issued during 2009 by National Afforestation and Eco-development Board (NAEB), the State Forest Development Agency, Odisha was constituted on 17.06.2010 under the Societies Registration Act, 1860 with PCCF, Odisha as the Chairperson and CCF (PP&A) as the Member Secretary and Chief Executive. The aim of the constitution of this state level agency is to implement the centrally sponsored schemes in the participatory mode by a three-tier set-up, namely State Forest Development Agency (SFDA) at the State level, Forest Development Agencies (FDAs) at the forest division level, and Joint Forest Management Committees (JFMCs) or Eco-development Committees (EDCs) at the village level. The SFDA is the federation of 46 FDA divisions of the state. The Chairpersons and Member-Secretaries of all FDAs of the State are members of SFDA, Odisha. No FDA has been formed in Chilika (WL), Sunabeda (WL), Mahanadi (WL), and STR (Baripada) divisions.

The SFDA is the implementing agency of two centrally sponsored schemes which are:

  1. National Afforestation Programme (NAP)
  2. National Mission for Green India (GIM)

Centrally Sponsored Schemes

National Afforestation Programme (NAP)

The National Afforestation Programme (NAP) is operated by the National Afforestation and Eco-Development Board (NAEB), Ministry of Environment and Forests as a Centrally Sponsored Scheme. The objective of the scheme is to increase and/or improve Forest and Tree Cover for rehabilitation of degraded forests and other areas in participatory forest management processes for sustainable development and management of forest resources focusing on improvement in livelihoods of the forest-fringe communities, especially the poor.

The components under the scheme are as follows:

  1. Planting / Regeneration:

Aided Natural Regeneration (200 plants/hectare), Artificial Regeneration (1100 plants/hectare), Pasture Development / Silvipasture (400 plants/hectare), Bamboo Plantation (625 plants/hectare), Planting of canes (625 plants/hectare), Mixed Plantations of trees having MFP and medicinal value (1100 plants/hectare) and Regeneration of perennial herbs and shrubs of medicinal value (2000 plants/hectare)

  1. Other components:

1.  Strengthening of JFM: Constitution of JFMC (per JFMC) and Microplanning (per JFMC), 2. Awareness Generation, 3. Microplanning, 4. Fencing, 5. Soil & Moisture Conservation, 6. Entry Point Activities, 7. Training & Capacity Building, 8. Value Addition and Marketing of Forest Produce, 9. Concomitant Monitoring & Evaluation, 10. Overheads, 11. Treatment of Problem Lands, and 12. Use of Improved Technology

The scheme is implemented by a three-tier institutional set-up, namely State Forest Development Agency (SFDA) at the State level, Forest Development Agencies (FDAs) at the forest division level involving Joint Forest Management Committees (VSSs/EDCs) at the village level for carrying out plantation and ancillary activities. The scheme is being implemented on 60:40 funding share between centre and state since 2015-16.With a total sanctioned outlay ofRs.777.78 lakh 1980 hectare plantations including maintenance over 13240 hectarehave been undertaken during 2016-17.

The total cost of Rs.804.67 lakhfor the year 2017-18 has been sanctioned for taking up advance work over 4565 hectare   area for plantation during 2018-19 and maintenance of13340 hectareof last three years’ plantations.

 National Mission for Green India (GIM)

National Mission for Green India (GIM) is one of the eight Missions under the National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC). The Broad objectives of the scheme are:

  • to increase forest/tree cover to the extent of 5 million ha and improve the quality of another 5 million ha of forest /non-forest lands,
  • to enhance carbon sequestration through increase of forest/tree cover along with provisioning services like fuel, fodder, timber & non-timber forest produces and
  •  increase the forest based  livelihood income level of 3 million households.

  There are five landscapes identified in the State of Odisha where the boundaries co-terminus with five territorial divisions namely Kalahandi North, Kalahandi South, Dhenkanal, Berhampur and Ghumsur South Forest Division. Effective convergence of schemes like MGNREGS / CAMPA / NAP / IFM holds the potential for adding value to an effort and improves productivity and enhances operational efficiencies. In the preparatory years (2011-12 to 2014-15), 50 micro-plans have been prepared in all the five landscapes and Soil &Moisture Conservation (SMC), Entry Point activity (EPA) works are executed with some awareness outreach activities. The scheme is being implemented on 60:40 funding share between centre and state since 2015-16.

As per the approved annual work programme during 2015-16,pre-planting operations in 2177.72 ha have been taken up with providing alternative fuel energy to 2500 households.

During 2016-17, Rs.330.87 Lakh have been sanctioned by Government for taking up creation over 2073.56 ha with raising of seedlings for distribution to farmers for planting in 20.84 ha farm land in five landscapes of the state.The total fund of Rs.180.00 lakh has been sanctioned for carrying out 1st year maintenance of 2094 hectare of plantations during 2017-18.

National Bamboo Mission (NBM)

Odisha Bamboo Development Agency (OBDA) has been constituted during 2006-07 to promote the bamboo sector through implementation of a centrally sponsored scheme namely National bamboo Mssion (NBM) in the State with a special focus on:

 

  • increasing the coverage area with suitable species
  • promotion for marketing of bamboo based handicrafts
  •  capacity building of bamboo farmers and artisans
  • promoting sustainable livelihood for tribal and minority groups or rural poor with special emphasis on women empowerment

 

Since inception year to till February 2018,a total area of 16,850 hectare (12,200 hectare Government land and 4630 hectare private land) of bamboo plantations has been achieved through this implementing agency. Moreover, 16,337 famers have been trained. Further, skill development training has also been given to 3,772 bamboo artisans.

 

The overall achievement of the OBDA during 2017-18 includes bamboo plantation over 20 hectare in forest area, 198 hectare in non-forest private land, improvement in 11 hectare of existing stock both in forests and private land and provision of micro irrigation over 29 hectare of farmers land. Besides, 9 farmers training, 2 District Level Workshops, a common facility centre, 1 bamboo bazaar have been organized successfully. Arrangement for participation in 15 Domestic Trade Fairs and exhibitions and foran exposure visit to North East State has also been made by the agency. Further during 2018-19, OBDA will take up maintenance of bamboo plantations only.

Intensification of Forest Management (IFM)

The scheme is being implemented with a fund sharing pattern of 60:40 between centre and state. This year, the scheme has been renamed as Forest Fire Prevention and Management. The broad objectives of the scheme are to minimise forest fire incidence and assist in restoring productivity of forests in affected areas and institutionalise the partnership with forest fringe communities for forest protection for achieving the larger goal of maintaining environmental stability.

The components of the scheme include creation of fire line, maintenance of fire line, construction of watch towers, engagement of fire watches, assistance to Joint forest Management Committees, construction of water storage structure, setting up of fire fighting cells, procurement of fire fighting equipments, fire mapping & preparation of fire management plan, training & awareness control & management, strengthening infrastructure for forest protection, working plan preparation/survey and demarcation. During the current year, a total outlay of Rs.280.00 lakh has been sanctioned for taking up above activities.

Programme Expenditure Schemes

Intensive Protection of Critically Endangered Areas

The scheme was introduced in the State Plan Budget during 2008-09 with an aim to strengthen the protection measures of forests against organized mafias&timber smugglers and illicit removal of timbers and other forest produce.

Critically vulnerable belts of forests have been identified in 37 Forest Divisions where forest protection measures have been beefed up with the deployment of a squad in each belt. A vulnerable forest belt normally comprises of 3 contiguous Beats for detecting organized gangs of forest offenders / timber mafias / poachers. Each squad consists of 10 local youth engaged on daily wage basis and stationed at strategic locations of each vulnerable belt throughout the year for effective protection work.These squads not only carry out regular patrolling and monitoring the identified forest beltsfor surveillance on potential offenders operating in the area, but also act as a striking force to aid in search, seizure & raid operations. During the year 2017-18, an amount of Rs.372.17 lakh has been provided for engaging 45 squads in 37 territorial forest divisions of the state.

 

 Training Programme

An outlay of Rs.100.00 lakh has been provided during the year 2017-18 for taking up the followingactivities under the Programme Expenditure Scheme “Training Programme”.

Human Resources Development Programme

The Forest staff need to be oriented and trained both in technology and forest extension aspects. Imparting of training to initial recruits is very vital. To augment the efficiency & skill of forest personnel, updating their knowledge on emerging & new topics on all aspects of forestry, forest management and forest research is essential. Presently, there are 4 Training Institutes i.e. Social Forestry Training Institute, Bhubaneswar, Odisha Forest Ranger’s College, Angul, Nicholson Forest Training School, Champua, Forester Training School, G.Udayagiri where training programmes are being conducted regularly.During the current year, various training programmes have been carried out in these institutes. The infrastructure of the forest training institutes of the state needs to be further developed so as to make them well equipped for conducting training programmes smoothly. The Department also organizes Annual Forest Sports Meet for forest personnel at zonal & state level and select the best one for participation at National Level.

 Policy Analysis & Strategic Planning Unit (PASPU)

ThePolicy Analysis & Strategic Planning Unit (PASPU) has been established with an aim to serve as a nodal point of convergence of programmes as per the National Forest Policy / Vision Document of different sectors impacting forests & related livelihood activities, and to undertakepublicity works like broadcasting of the weekly radio programme “BANANI” &other activities like revision of Forest Department Code etc.

Construction of Buildings

This scheme was introduced in the State Plan Budget during 2008-09 to provide accommodation facilities to Divisional Forest Officers, Assistant Conservator of Forests& Ministerial Staff working in the division/regional offices. During the current year, the budget provision of 306.06 lakh has been made for construction of 20 ministerial staff quarters, 11 Class-IV staff quarters, 1 Divisional Forest Officer quarter (up-stair)& Directorquarter (part), OFRC, Angul andrenovation of Forest Rest Houses.

Survey & Utilization of Forest Resources

 Survey and Investigation Expenses

Forest Resource inventories (sampling,enumeration), compilation of reports, procurement of maps and Survey Instruments have beenprepared under this scheme with a total outlay of Rs. 2.00 lakh during 2017-18.

 Forest Conservation, Development and Regeneration

Forest Consolidation

The components like demarcation and survey of new forest blocks, Protected Reserved Forests, clearance of boundary of proposed new forest blocks, construction of boundary pillars, compliance to the objections of Forest Settlement Officer have beenimplemented with a totaloutlay of Rs. 24.25 lakh during 2017-18.

Regeneration

Activities like cutting of high stumps, climber cutting, thinning and prunnings in congested crop have been taken up under this scheme during the current year with a total outlay of Rs. 21.49 lakh.

Sowing and Planting

Activities like procurement and treatment of seeds and raising seedlings thereof in nursery bed have been taken up under this scheme with a total budget provision of Rs. 30.00 lakh during the current year.

Drift and Waif wood and Confiscated Forest Produce

This scheme includes components like salvage of seized timber of Undetected(UD) and Offence Recorded(OR) cases. The total budget provision of Rs.29.70 lakh has been provided during this year for implementation of the scheme.

 Forest Produce Sold to Consumer and Purchasers

Salvaging of naturally fallen trees like cyclone damaged as well as seized timbers of Undetected (UD) and Offence Recorded (OR) cases are undertaken under this scheme. The total outlay of Rs.53.00 lakh has been provided for 2017-18 to implement the scheme.

Departmental Working of Forest Coupes and Depots

Departmental Working of Timber

The component of this scheme is demarcation and marking of Forest coupes as per working plan prescriptions. The total budget provision of Rs.155.00 lakh has been provided for 2017-18 works.

Departmental Working of Bamboo

Silvicultural operations in bamboo coupes like cutting of high stumps, thinning and putting earth around the clump, clearing and burning the debris, making half-moon trenches for water conservation structure at uphill side of clumps have been taken up during 2017-18 with a total outlay of Rs.17.25 lakh.

 

Information, Education and Communication

This scheme has been introduced with an aim to disseminate informationon entitlements & processesby creating awareness among the beneficiaries and the implementers forreceiving optimum results. The total outlay of Rs.20.00 lakh has been provided for 2017-18 programme.